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158,282 sq mi
|• Papal Legate||Zoltán Ambrus|
|• Federal Administrator||János Hunor|
|• State Councillor||Lázár Lovász|
|• State Councillor||Sofia Farkas|
|• Ethnic composition||Carpathians: 85.9%|
Carpathia (Carpathian: Kárpá) is a Federal Province of the Papal Federation of Rodarion located in the southwestern part of the country. "Carpathia" literally means "hard place" in the language of the ancient Carpi people who lived in the area between 4,000 BC and 1,000 BC, it is the birthplace of the Carpathian people and is the second province in the entire country to be home to a majority of an ethnic minority.
Carpathia borders Belfras and the Draganesti Sea to the north and to the west, XX.
Carpathia is the sixth wealthiest and most developed regions in Rodarion, with the fifth highest GDP per capita in the country. Corneni, its capital, has one of Rodarion's highest quality of life indices and advanced social services. Carpathia is also a cultural and tourist centre, being the home of the University of Corneni, the oldest university in the world, containing Romanesque and Renaissance cities (such as Heleșteni, Tălmaciu and Roata de Jos), being a centre for food and automobile production (home of automotive companies such as VAIC Motors, Ducia, FAW Group and Ruverii) and having popular coastal resorts such as Csatár and Egervár.
Most of the area is covered by the Sopron Highlands running from west to north-east. On the coasts the climate is Mediterranean, while further inland it is moderate Mediterranean. In the mountains, winters are frosty and snowy, while summers are hot and dry. To the south winters are milder. Over the centuries many forests have been cut down and replaced with bush and brush. There is evergreen vegetation on the coast. The soils are generally poor, except on the plains where areas with natural grass, fertile soils and warm summers provide an opportunity for tillage. Elsewhere, land cultivation is mostly unsuccessful because of the mountains, hot summers and poor soils, although olives and grapes flourish. Energy resources are scarce. Electricity is mainly produced by coal stations. There is a considerable amount of bauxite. The province also includes the Dombóvár Islands; Dombóvár Island, Esztergom, Sopron and Fântânele.
The largest of the Sopron mountains are Dinara, Mátra, Csóványos, Arka, Mikóháza and Nyíri. The Draganesti Sea's high water quality, along with the immense number of coves, islands and channels, makes Carpathia an attractive place for nautical races, nautical tourism, and tourism in general. Carpathia also includes several national parks that are tourist attractions: Drava river, Sziréna Palotája archipelago, Zagyva river rapids and Zöld Korona island.
Relationship with central government
The Great Partnership
Following the formation of the Ecclesiastical Republic in 1905, the central government moved swiftly to crush any signs of Carpathian nationalism that could emerge as a result of the introduction of democracy. Between 1906 and 1920 the Papacy acted directly through local government to produce a common identity with the ethnic Carpathians whilst celebrating their cultural uniqueness from ethnic Rodarians. Dubbed the "Great Partnership", a cultural-nationalistic campaign emerged, hundreds of high ranking Rodarion born Cardinals along with Pope Julius II traveled to Carpathia to promote the partnership between Rodarian and Carpathian. Reforms to local and central government opened up new opportunities for ethnic Carpathians to serve in the civil service, high education, higher ranks of the military and medical service.
Funding to Carpathian local government grew by 24% between 1906 and 1910, six new universities were opened and over 100 new hospitals and clinics were also opened to increase the quality of life within the province. In 1915, the Papacy announced that Brotherhood Day would be a national holiday on the 4 April every year, the aim to celebrate the nation and its unique cultures, at the same time celebrating the common identity of being Rodarian. The common identity was built out of shared norms, such as faith, family, service to the Church State and community and love for the land. The first Brotherhood Day celebration on the 4 April, 1916 proved highly successful with millions taking to the streets and government arranged events across the country. In 1918, it was made mandatory for every pupil to learn Rodarian and Carpathian from the start of their educational career.
In 1920, the number of Carpathians working in the civil service at local and national level had increased by 88% since 1906, the 1915 General Election saw 32 Carpathian senators be elected, with most serving in Carpathian seats with the Conservative Alliance. With the rise of the National Catholic Party in the 1940s and 1950s, ethnic Carpathians en-masse defected to the NCP, the 1955 general election saw 108 Carpathian senators be elected on the NCP ticket. From the 1950s onwards, the Carpathians found themselves at every level of government and society. The cultural partnership had proven a success and any element of ethnic nationalism was so minute that the central government ceased oppressive actions against the movements. However in the 1980s, the repressive policies against ethnic nationalism in general returned as Roma terrorism began to increase, in 1989, Consul Nicolae Ponta declared at a rally in Corneni:
"No where else in the world will a partnership between two distinct peoples be so solid and unbreakable. In our shared history, we have warred upon each other, massacred one another, loved one another, fought for each other, died together, worked together. I can say on this day, with complete faith and certainty, that with the rising and setting of the sun, the brotherhood and love shared between Rodarian and Carpathian will not cease, will not erode, I can say with absolute certainty, that working together for the betterment of the nation, Rodarian and Carpathian people will always rise together and inevitably fall together. We are the masters of our joint destiny, we together are the forgers of our fate."
Carpathia is an important source of lumber for Rodarion. Pine and larch are the most important forms of lumber produced in Carpathia. Forests are mostly to be found in the Sopron Mountains, which are also home to protected animal species such as the Golden Eagle, the Rodarian wolf, and the lynx. Herding in Carpathia is centered upon horses and cattle; the province has the largest number of milk cows and the highest production of milk among all the province-level divisions of Rodarion.
Petroleum is of great importance in Carpathia, and the Telkibánya oilfields are a major source of domestic petroleum for Rodarion, however it has been greatly depleted since the 1980s. Coal, gold, and graphite are other minerals to be found in Carpathia, the province also has the second largest deposits of Promethium and major deposits of niobium, zirconium and beryllium.
Following the economic reforms of the 1970s, Carpathia was a key focal point for state led industrialisation, as of 2010, Carpathia has become a major industrial base in the national economy. Industry is focused upon coal, petroleum, lumber, machinery, and food. Due to its location, Carpathia is also an important gateway for trade with Belfras. Its GDP has been rising steadily since 2003, growing 37% from 2003 to 2007. Furthermore, the incremental value of the private economy grew by 20.1 percent in 2006 reaching RL234 billion, and accounting for 37.6 percent of the GDP. The tax revenue from private enterprises hit RL20.5 billion, a rise of 17.8 percent. In 2014, the province became the 6th wealthiest in terms of aggregate GDP, reaching UR$578.9 billion.
Private enterprises in Carpathia witnessed the fastest development in 2007, fueling the overall economic growth of the province. Many leading private enterprises have begun to emerge. Over 200 of them have an annual income exceeding RL100 million. The province's three major private enterprises, namely the Athena Medicine Ltd, General Coal Co., and Carpathian Solutions Group, each contributed more than RL100 million in tax revenue in 2007.
At present, many private investors are involved in large construction projects in Carpathia. In 2006, 928 large projects absorbed private capital of RL5 million each, and 101 projects attracted RL100 million each within the province. In line with the central government’s policy to develop the South, Carpathia is now restructuring its six pillar industries, namely equipment manufacturing, petrochemicals, food processing, energy, pharmaceuticals, and forest and timber processing.
In 2011, Carpathia's nominal GDP was 3.901 trillion leu (UR$578.95 billion), an annual growth rate of 7.5%. Its per capita GDP was XX yuan (UR$XXXX). Its primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were worth XX billion leu, XXX billion leu, and XXX billion leu respectively. The per capita disposable income of urban residents in Carpathia reached XX leu (UR$XXX), a rise of 13% from the previous year. The per capita net income of rural residents in the province reached XXX leu (UR$ XX), a rise of 17.5 from 2007.