Aleia

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The Inostranic Kingdom
(Kingdom of Aleia)
Det Inostranske Storsariiket (Aleian)
(Storsariiket Alja)

Flag
Motto: "Veost ne foreding"
"Eternity from Unity"
Anthem: "Aljansk Himne"
"Aleian Hymn"
Location of Aleia in Asura
Location of Aleia in Asura
Capital
and largest city
Oralienborg
Official languages Aleian
Ethnic groups (2013) Aleian (72%), Newreyan (6%), Tavot (5%), Boran (2%), Liidurian (2%), Other (2%)
Demonym Aleian
Government Constitutional Monarchy (de jure)
Absolute Monarchy (de facto)
 -  Stasarina Natalia I
 -  Prime Minister Timofei Henrik Kalvel (NIS)
 -  President of the National Assembly Anzhela Cecilie Feder (NIS)
Legislature Aleian Assembly
Unification
 -  Sclavic Migration from Catai 297 CE 
 -  Inostranic Kingdom AD 766 
 -  Elenaborg Edict 31 May 1697 
 -  July Revolution 27th July 1922 
 -  Inostranyy Uprising 26th October 1962 
Area
 -  Total 263,658 km2
101,799 sq mi
Population
 -  2015 census 28,206,690
 -  Density 105/km2
271.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) estimate
 -  Total $701,915,405,300
 -  Per capita $24,884
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total $914,912,196,840
 -  Per capita $32,436
Gini (2014)49.7
high
HDI (2015)0.812
very high
Currency Sevast (S) (=100 Styn) (SEV)
Time zone +1
 -  Summer (DST) +2 (UTC{{{utc_offset_DST}}})
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +86
ISO 3166 code ALE
Internet TLD .ae

Aleia, officially The Inostranic Kingdom or Kingdom of Aleia, is the northernmost country in mainland West Asura in Aeia. Mainland Aleia occupies the northern tip of Asura, bordering Newrey, Miersa, Granica and Liiduria, whilst sharing maritime borders with Glanodel and Tyronova through the Lhedwin Channel and Gulf of Alemannia respectively. Aleia maintains control of islands in the Lhedwin Channel Northern Asuran Sea. In total, the 18 provinces of Aleia span 263,658 square kilometers and have a combined population of approximately 28.2 million. Aleia is referred to as a unitary sovereign and semi-constitutional monarchy. The government is located in the city of Oralienborg, which is also Aleia's most populous city.

Aleia as a unified entity first rose in the 8th century CE, as a common country for the Sclavic Ilanian and Lhedwinic Nyvan ethnicities. In the middle ages, repeated changes in the ruling dynasty promoted cultural change, until the House of Inostran became the ultimate rulers of Aleia in 1527. In Asura, Aleian territorial changes largely ended at the beginning of the 17th century after the Aleian-Commonwealth War. Industrialization of Aleia and Aleian colonization occurred at the end of the 18th century. Aleia briefly became a constitutional monarchy during the period 1922-1966. The Newreyan invasion of Aleia and subsequent Great Northern Asuran War caused large economic destruction in Aleia. The Aleian Civil War from 1962 to 1966 restored the absolute monarchy. Aleia experienced large economic growth during the late 20th century, a trend which continues in the present day.

The government of Aleia is a semi-constitutional monarchy, in which the royal family wields formal executive powers, although a legislative parliament exists. The monarch still is empowered with the rights of veto over all branches of government. Most of formal power is invested in the Inostran family. In addition to the elected branches of government, the Aleian political system is affected by the presence of a landed nobility. Political watch organizations often criticize the Aleian governmental system, in particular its oppressive acts. The current monarch is Natalia I, while the Prime Minister is Timofei Henrik Kalvel.

Aleia has a developed economy with a middle-income economy. The HDI places the country in the very high sector, though this assessment has come under scrutiny due to its failure to consider the inequalities in Aleia. With a Gini of 49.7, Aleia is the country with the highest wealth inequality in Asura. Aleia is a leading exporter of mineral and processed mineral products, with a growing Template:Tertiary sector. Aleian is the primary language spoken in Aleia, while its citizens have moderate second language proficiency.

Etymology

The name Aleia (Alja) was originally given by the Sclavic migrants from Catai, called the Ilans, who named the northern tip of Asura New Ilania. No name has been recorded prior to Aleia. While the actual origin of the name Ilan is unknown, it was already in use before the Sclavic migration in 209 BC, according to documents discovered on the Channel Ships that transported the Sclavs. The scientific paper “Old Sclavonia and its Mark on Aleia” released by Karl Eran in 1978 hypothesizes that the name comes from the ancient Sclavic word Ilni, meaning "noble". Eran does not specify exactly which ancient Sclavic language he has taken the word from, only its existence. A large majority of Aleian linguists have nevertheless accepted the plausibility of Eran’s claim, including the Etymological Association at the Inostranyy Institute. During the rule of the Stave family in the early middle ages, the Nyvan dialect of the royal family caused a shift in name from Ilania to Alja, which in Newreyan is written as Aleia. The new pronunciation became more popular among the nobles of the period, and has since then become the commonly accepted name of the country.

The official name of Aleia is The Inostranic Kingdom, in reference to the House of Inostran, which has been Aleia's royal dynasty since 1527 and is effectively the dominant governmental organ of the country. The name comes from the founder of both the dynasty and the country, Deley Inostran, who founded his dynasty in 766 CE.

An alternate name for both Aleia and Inostranic Kingdom is North Asura, owing to the country's geographical location in northern Asura.

Name Usage

In most situations, "Kingdom of Aleia" is used exclusively in place of "Inostranic Kingdom", including formal occasions. Currently, the official name is usually used only during the most formal instances, such as royal coronations and on passports. Even then, Kingdom of Aleia is often written alongside the official name. In daily language, "Aleia" is used due to its brevity.

"North Asura" was first used by Fiorentine traders c. 1 CE, when it was required for them to give a geographical description of their trading route. Throughout history, the name has been considered more neutral than simply "Aleia", since it encompasses all ethnic groups in the country rather than just Ilans. The name North Asuran Republic was used by communist forces during the Aleian Civil War, when they established an opposing state to the monarchy. The name is virtually never used in Aleian colloquial language, but has been used as a poetic name by artists in their works since the 17th century.

Geography

Aleia occupies the northern areas of western mainland Asura, including all land northwest of the Kylian Mountains. Aleia's territorial area, including all islands on its coast, occupy a total of 263,658 km2. Aleia's landmass occupies the area including and around the Tarkhen Mountains in a near-radial form. From the northernmost to southernmost point of Aleia (Normark Lighthouse in northern Aleia to Border Checkpoint 7) give a linear distance of approximately 1,200 km. Aleia borders Granica, Miersa, Newrey and Liiduria, while sharing a sea zone with countries in the Lhedwin Channel.

The continental landmass of Aleia was formed 400 million years ago through prehistoric volcanic activity. Both major mountain ranges in Aleia, the Tarkhen and Kylian Mountains, were largely generated 12,000 years ago by the Asuran Ice Age that dug into the then-high ground of northern Asura. Geologically, the ranges are composed of granite and gneiss, but also contain abnormally concentrated percentages of metals. They form one of the most recognizable geographical features of the country. The tallest peak in Aleia is Mount Tarkhen at 2,400 meter above sea level. The lowest point is the bottom of the Severno Bomb Crater at 307 meters below sea level, which also makes it the deepest land point in Asura. The lowest natural point is the Rim Depression in Pozhoden at 11 meters on average below sea level.

Three percent of Aleia is water. The country is connected to the ocean through the Gulf of Lhedwin and the Alemannic Gulf, as well as the north Asuran Sea. The longest river in Aleia is the Taiver river, followed closely by the Zem. The largest lake in Aleia, Lake Nevelagen, is the sixth largest inland freshwater body in Asura. The water in Aleia flows primarily into either the Gulf of Alemannia or the Lhedwin Channel. Aleia experiences 700 mm annual precipitation on average.

Climate

Like most countries in North Asura, the majority of Aleian areas fall under the humid temperate climate category. The northern areas of Aleia are characterized by boreal and subarctic climates, marked by mild summers and cold winters. Aleia experiences high summer temperatures on the coast of the Lhedwin Channel due to the presence of warm ocean streams from Rennekka. The average winter temperature throughout the country is -16.2oC, while 22oC is the average summer temperature. The record temperatures are -57.2oC (Kinstla, 1958) and 40.6oC (Stenlagen, 1970).

Of the 700 mm precipitation that Aleia experiences on average, 300 mm is snowfall during the winter. The area south of the Tarkhen Mountains experiences 30 days of snowfall on average, while the northern regions experience up to 60, primarily in the months December-March.

Biodiversity

The vegetation of Aleia is characterized by the presence of coniferous trees that grow in the boreal climate. Up to 70% of Aleian forested area is coniferous by nature. Natural populations of pine and spruce are found in the entirety of Aleia. While Aleia also has populations of deciduous trees, primarily elm and birch, their populations have been reduced due to sporadic outbreaks of Leidenese Elm disease. Twelve identified plant species are reported to be endemic to Aleia, most of them angiosperms.

Aleia has a diverse fauna. There are 113 recorded mammal species in Aleia. The Environmental and Ecological Research Institute in Midrasia (EERI) registers 184 species of birds regularly hatching in Aleia, but the actual number is likely to be much larger due to unobserved migration patterns of birds.

Both flora and fauna are threatened by Aleian industrial activities, including factory and mining pollution. In the 21st century, seven animal species have gone extinct in Aleia as a result of human activities according to the EERI. In 2001, the Aleian government began the Aleian National Conservation Campaign to promote the conservation of the ecosystem. The Taiver sturgeon, a fish endemic to Aleia which has become critically endangered due to pollution of the Taiver River, is promoted by the campaign as a symbol of animal species conservation. 17% of all Aleian forested area has been damaged by acid deposition, mainly in the form of sulfuric acid originating in industry.

History

Prehistory (4000 - 300 BCE)

According to archaeological findings, the earliest confirmed evidence of human activity in western Aleia can be traced back to 4000 BC. During the period 4000-800 BCE, the Channelbreakers from Lhedwin were the dominant culture in western Aleia during the prehistorical era. Findings from excavation sites, such as the Ruut Stones (set up as geographical markers) near Elenaborg, supports the theory that the culture may have migrated from Lhedwin to western Aleia during the period 7000-6000 BC. Other more minor cultures originating in eastern Asura also existed, but there is no evidence to their effect on the present population.

Recorded History (300 BCE - Present)

By the Aleian iron age (800-300 BC), the Channelbreaker culture had developed into the Nyvan culture. The first Nyvan settlements were established in western Aleia, which became known as Nyvania. The Nyvans had close cultural links to the Dalish people in Lhedwin. The Nyvan tribes that were established bore similarities to tribes on Lhedwin island and were ruled by chieftains often referred to as Jarls, with evidence of a warrior culture, although a cordial relationship has been disputed due to the presence of Crylantian raiding.

Nyvan dominance in northern Asura was disrupted by the arrival of the Sclavic Ilans in 297 CE from Dreyvisevich. The Sclavic migration was led by Chieftain Vladislav, who involved most of the ethnic group on the endeavor. Although several Nyvan jarls allowed the Sclavs to settle in Aleia, the large majority attempted to resist the new settlers.

The Aleian kingdom was unified in 766 by Deley Inostran, after the Vefs River War. He established the House of Inostran. The capital was founded at Inostranyy. He acquired the loyalty of the Nyvan lords, although they still retained power as vassals. Aleia as a unitary entity was recognized at the Thinga agreement in x.

In 1031, House Inostran was toppled by the Stave family, beginning the Realm Dispute Era. Inge Stave became the first Nyvan king after exiling the Inostran Kinfg- The era, nearly synonymous with the Aleian middle ages, saw the Aleian throne repeatedly shift between House Inostran and various Nyvan families (primarily the Stave family).

Ruslan I ended the Realm Dispute when he defeated the Stave family, permanently restoring the Aleian monarchy to House Inostran. He carried out the expulsion of the largest Nyvan families from Aleia, whilst securing the loyalty of the rest.

The Ilans and Nyvans came closer during the 17th century. Elena I signed the Elenaborg Edict in 1691, which sought to unite the Nyvans and Ilans as a unitary group. The treaty is widely considered as the first step in the creation of an Aleian identity. The Aleian language was finished in 1680.

The late 17th century was the period when Aleian territory was expanded the most. The southern states Borania and Tavotia were annexed during the 1670s. Aleian victory in the Aleian-Commonwealth war in 1680 enabled the annexation of Sten and Grensfel provinces from Newrey. As part of ongoing centralization efforts, roughly half of all trading offices were reclaimed from the Sadamic League.

Clamor for reform among the populace resulted Aleia’s transition into a constitutional monarchy in 1922 through the Vastoch Conspiracy. The first democratic elections took place in 1924, with Aleian Revolutionaries (AR) leader Alexei Elenberg elected as Prime Minister. The change marked the beginning of Elenbergian Aleia. Monarchist fervor still remained strong within the deeply-ingrained Aleian nobility. During the late 1920’s, most of the Aleian populace were loyal to three factions: The Democratic Aleian Revolutionaries (AR); the communists, led by the Communist Party of Aleia (CPA) and the monarchist New Inostranic Society (NIS). The three factions frequently vied for power during elections, and incidents between them occurred regularly. The enmities were temporarily suppressed by the outbreak of the Great Northern Asuran War in 1935 against Newrey. During the war, Newrey occupied one third of Aleia territory and regularly conducted air campaigns that traumatized the Aleian populace. In the Treaty of Lillehavn in 1941, which ended the war, Aleia was subjected to major occupation, which made reconstruction in Aleia difficult. The most serious consequence may still have been that it damaged the trust of the people in the AR.

The post-war decades saw the popularity of the democratic government drop even further. Although the AR remained in power throughout the 1940s and 50s, partly through the compromises made by Prime Minister Hans Lisser, the NIS and CPA began to gain popular support at an increasing rate. The climax was reached after the 1962 elections, when the AR was expected to form a government with the NIS, which had become the second most popular party. Instead of negotiating with the monarchists, the AR instead collaborated with the CPA. The move by the AR was seen by the monarchist as a serious snub and served as the catalyst for the Aleian Civil War. The Aleian Civil War, between the monarchists and the communists, lasted until 1966, when the monarchists were victorious. The aftermath of the wear saw the absolute monarchy restored to King Konstantin II, but certain democratic aspects were retained, such as elections. In the post-civil war period, Konstantin II instituted a series of economic reforms to secure the loyalty of the people, which resulted in economic growth in Aleia throughout the rest of the 20th century.

Natalia I succeeded Konstantin II as monarch in 1983. Most of Konstantin II’s policies were followed through at the turn of the century. The late 20th century saw increased democratic features. The arrest of Fyodor Handerssen in 2014 provoked international criticism.

Administration

Aleia is a semi-constitutional monarchy and unitary state. All sectors of the government act according to the constitutions of 1924 and 1968. The current government was elected in 2018. Natalia I is the monarch of Aleia, while Timofei Henrik Kalvel is the Prime Minister. The government structure is effectively split into two parts, named the Representative and the Noble administrations. The Representative apparatuses are composed of democratically elected people, whereas the Noble administration is formed by members of the Aleian nobility. The Representative administration is largely in control of the administration, although the Noble administration retains roles such as veto of legislation. The current monarch is Queen Natalia I, and the Prime Minister has since 2014 been Timofei Henrik Kalvel. The party New Inostranic Society (NIS) has been in power since 1966.

The Parliament of Aleia is the Aleian Assembly, located in Oralienborg. It consists of 200 members of parliament elected from the individual provinces, being representative of the population of each province. It votes on legislation brought up by the Aleian people. Members of the Assembly are elected every four years, the election being held in 2018. The Assembly is led by the Speaker of the Assembly, currently held by Anzhela Cecilie Feder, who was elected to the position in 2010. Historically, the Assembly has hosted various majority-parties but is in present times dominated by the New Inostranic Society.

Administrative Divisions

Aleia has six basic administrative divisions based on geographical location called regions. The six regions are divided into 18 provinces, and further into 403 districts. The canton, the subdivision of the district, is the smallest division. In addition to provinces, there are also noble domains, which are administered by the Nobility. Virtually all government framework is structured according to the Representative provinces. In addition to mainland possessions, the Aleian government has also laid claim to Sortarkfarerland in Frigidarum, but this claim is not recognized by fellow countries in Aeia or any intergovernmental organization.

Military

The Aleian Armed Forces (Riiksvernet) is the military wing of Aleia. The armed forces are divided into the army, navy, air force and the special forces. Every member of the armed forces pledges allegiance to the monarch and the state. As of 2019, approximately 100 000 people serve in the armed forces. At most, the number of personnel can be raised to 600 000, which is in the event of a complete mobilization.

The Aleian military is not active in any domestic or international conflict. The Aleian navy has 84 active vessels. The Aleian Navy conducts regular patrols in the northern ocean. The last major conflict involving Aleia were the Great Northern Asuran War and the Aleian Civil War. All military activities are controlled by the Aleian Ministry of Defense. Most military equipment is produced by domestic companies such as AleiWehr and Ruut, but there is a long-standing weapon trading agreement with the CDN. 33% of Aleian arms (mostly tanks and aircraft) are reported to be imported from the CDN, primarily Newrey and Midrasia.

It has been speculated by Aleian whistleblowers that the Aleian military possesses chemical weapons of mass destruction, but this has not been confirmed by any observers. Observers have noticed the likelihood of test sites in old mines in the Tarkhen Mountains. The Aleian government has denied all allegations, stating that there are no plans to produce chemical weapons.

Economy

Aleia has a developed and moderately large economy. In 2016, the nominal GDP of Aleia was at an estimated $914,912,196,840, with $32,436 per capita. With a Gini of 60, Aleia ranks as the country in Asura with highest income disparity. The Aleian Central bank, founded in 1820, is responsible for maintaining Aleia's official currency, the Aleian Sevast. Aleia is a major exporter of minerals, gemstones, timber and heavy machinery, especially transport equipment. The Aleian economy was opened up to foreign investment during the 1970s, and as such foreign investors are present in Aleia. The secondary sector is the dominant place of work in Aleia, but western Aleia has experienced a sharp increase in people working in the service sector since 2000. Most of Aleia's largest companies are private, although notable exceptions exist.

The Aleian Economic Exclusive Zone reaches two km outside of the Aleian coast.

A large disparity in economic assets between northern and southern Aleia has existed since the 1960s; in 2015, Vesterland province in western Aleia had an average GDP per capita of $41,000, while Tavotia province had only $12,000, which gives a 341.7% disparity. The difference primarily originated during the period of the economic reforms of the 1970s, when a large focus was placed on the northern provinces in order to compete with the Lhedwinic countries west of Aleia, while the southern provinces did not experience an equally high level of development. Despite the clear difference in wealth, the government has not made a clear statement nor a plan that addresses the situation, and international organizations occasionally state that the Aleian government is ignoring the issue. Gentrification is a major issue in Aleia, especially in Nyvania and New Ilania. Several districts have experienced a high increase in living costs, and have so become homeless.

Aleia's primary trade partners are the members of the Lhedwinic Council (although Aleia is not a member itself) and Newrey. Substantial trading with Liiduria and Alemannia also occurs.

Approximately 5% government expenditures are subsidized by the nobility, which in turn gains profits from their own private companies operating in Aeia.

Mining

Mining has formed a substantial part of Aleian economy since the Fiorentine Era. Traditionally, Aleian mining activities have been located in the Tarkhen Range, where roughly two thirds of Aleia's 783 mines lay. The remaining mines are for the most part located in the Kylian mountains, most of which were opened in the period 1990-2002. Both mountain ranges are reported to contain some of Aeia's largest untapped mineral deposits. An estimated 33,400 people were directly employed in the mining industry in 2012. Common Aleian mining products include gold, iron, coal and gemstones. Most products are exported to Asuran countries, primarily Crylante, and mining exports account for 53% of Aleia's total export revenue. Some products such as iron are also transferred to the Aleian metal processing industry in East Belt. In addition to the Tarkhen and Kylian mines, amber is produced in rivers of the Koredin Province in eastern Aleia. The mining company Alemin controls most Aleian mines (46%), followed by the Kylmin (24%) and The Timoeiyan (20%). Alemin is the most valuable company in Aleia. Several Aleian towns, such as Severno, have been built up around the mining industry.

In 2018, Aleian gold mines excavated 102,700 kg gold, the highest per capita number in Aeia. 27,000,000 kg iron were also produced, as well as 135 billion kg coal. Aleian mines also produce an undisclosed amount of the precious gemstones emerald and sapphire. The mineral output has been on stable levels since the 20th century, as tight quotas have been reinforced by the government. Aleian gold is used in the production of the Tarkhen Crown, which constitutes 47% of the global gold coin market. Additional output is generated by unregistered miners, who scavenge in abandoned mines, although the exact value has been difficult to estimate.

Since the late 20th century, debates have arisen regarding the environmental concerns surrounding Aleian mining, encouraging the government to place restrictions on activities. The Aeian Health Organization declared through their 2012 report that the quality of Tarkhen river was "poor, as the concentrations of most pollutants were 15 times higher than the AHO standard". Environmental concerns have caused neighboring countries to impose higher tariffs on Aleian goods, with some private entities boycotting Aleian products entirely. In 2015, the Aleian government tightened waste management criteria related to the industry. The safety of the mines has also come into question, due to the physical and chemical hazards affecting workers. 72 mining-related accidents were reported in 2018, of which 9 were fatal. The working conditions of Aleian mines vary heavily depending on safety and wages, and the role as an Aleian miner is frequently reported to be 3D work.

Public Policy

In line with the welfare reforms of 1970, the Aleian welfare system has been modeled to resemble the Lhedwinic Model. As of 2019, welfare spending accounts for 16.9% of Aleia's yearly GDP, which is a 103.2% increase since 2000. However, 40% of welfare expenditures are paid for by the Aleian nobility, including the royal family. Aleia spent 6.2% of its yearly GDP in 2013 to provide equal education. 12.3% of the GDP is used for healthcare services. Aleian welfare is the responsibility of the Aleian Ministry of Social Affairs.

The taxation system of Aleia implements a relative tax rate for all citizens. The taxation percentage varies from 9% to 30% of a person's income depending on their total yearly income. As of 2019, As of 2013, the Aleian Customs Institution has set the import tax at 20%. The sales tax for general goods lies at 22.4%, with notable exceptions being food (12.5%) and addictive substances (25%).

Unionization is not mandatory for Aleian workers, but labor unions exist for most professions. 64.9% of Aleian workers were unionized in 2017. The unemployment rate in 2019 was 9.4%.